The Azerbaijan State News Agency

CULTURE

Great Mosque and Hospital of Divrigi – magnificent masterpieces of Islamic architecture in Turkiye protected by UNESCO

Baku, April 22, AZERTAC

Distinguished 11th-century Great Mosque and Hospital of Divrigi, located in the Sivas province of the South-West Turkiye, were added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1985.

According to UNESCO, this region of Anatolia was conquered by the Turks at the beginning of the 11th century. In 1228-29 Emir Ahmet Shah founded a mosque, with its adjoining hospital, at Divrigi.

With its single prayer room and two cupolas, the mosque exhibits a "highly sophisticated technique of vault construction, and a creative, exuberant type of decorative sculpture -- particularly on the three doorways, in contrast to the unadorned walls of the interior," it describes the "unique features of this masterpiece of Islamic architecture."

Founded by the Mengücekide emir Ahmed Shah following the victory of the Seljuk Turks over the Byzantine army at the battle of Malazgirt in 1071, the mosque is dominated externally by the hexagonal, pointed roofed dome over its mihrab (prayer niche), a cupola over the ablutions basin in the centre of the prayer hall and elaborately carved monumental stone portals on the north and west.

The adjoining hospital, the Darush-shifa, was founded by Ahmet Shah’s wife Turan Melek and designed by the architect Hurrem Shah, in 1228-1229.

It is entered via a monumental, elaborately carved stone portal on the west, leading into a double height atrium formed by four massive piers supporting a dome with an oculus over a central pool, around which are located the hospital rooms.

The highly sophisticated technique of vault construction and a creative, exuberant type of decorative sculpture - particularly on the three doorways, in contrast to the unadorned walls of the interior - are the unique features of this masterpiece of Islamic architecture.

The variety of the carved decoration indicates that is was carried out by different groups of craftsmen. The main characteristic of the designs featured in the portals is their uniqueness: each is distinct from other decorations. As well as portals, all bases, shafts and capitals of the columns, and the inner surface of the dome and the vaults, were decorated in a distinct and unique style.

There are no other examples of the three-dimensional and intricate geometric styles and flowing figures of plants. The vaulting of the hospital room is comparable in scientific achievement to that of the prayer hall of the Mosque, and shares the splendid unity of the Great Mosque.

With unique artistic achievement, this cultural property in itself represents one of Islamic architecture's most beautiful built spaces.

 

 

 

 

Share news on social media

Follow us on social network

Ukraine seal comeback win against Slovakia 2-1 in their 1st points at EURO 2024

Ombudsman: International organizations must not remain indifferent to Armenia's mine terror

Milli Majlis adopts appeal to Azerbaijani President on scheduling of early parliamentary elections

Solar expected to generate 20% of global electricity on summer solstice

Three Azerbaijani athletes aim for 'medal rush' in Beach Wrestling World Series 2024

Malawian president appoints Michael Usi as new vice president

Moscow hosts meeting of CIS Economic Council

Young Azerbaijani weightlifter bags three European medals in Greece

Azerbaijani FM meets with outgoing Kyrgyz ambassador

From Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, President of the Federative Republic of Brazil

Moldovan president signs decree on start of EU accession talks

SOCAR starts natural gas supplies to industrial customers in Bulgaria

State Commission: Azerbaijan handed over remains of two Armenian servicemen found in liberated territories to Armenia

Junior Azerbaijani boxers to vie for European medals in Sarajevo

Kazakh delegation visits Azerbaijani Defense Ministry’s military police department

High-Level Meeting themed “Pathway to COP29: Sustainable and Resilient Future” wraps up in Zangilan VIDEO

WHO announces global resurgence of cholera cases in 2024

Japan, South Korea announce sanctions over Russia-North Korea arms trade

Azerbaijan name 27 wrestlers to fight for glory at U17&U20 European Championships

Historic flooding in southern China kills 47, with more floods feared in coming days

4 people killed in helicopter crash in Russia's Amur region

Western Azerbaijan Community calls on Armenian government to create conditions for return of Azerbaijanis expelled from Armenia

11 students of Baku Higher Oil School to undergo internship at SOCAR Türkiye

Euro 2024 - Spain 1-0 Italy: Riccardo Calafiori own goal sends Spain into last 16 as Group B winners

Assistant to President: Cooperation between Azerbaijan and Russia in humanitarian and educational spheres is developing successfully VIDEO

Azerbaijan’s Foreign Ministry responds to Josep Borrell

Messi and Argentina overcome Canada and poor surface, start Copa America title defense with 2-0 win

Azerbaijan Army holds "Best anti-aircraft missile artillery battery" competition

President Ilham Aliyev and First Lady Mehriban Aliyeva participated in opening of the new building of Institute of Botany in Baku and reviewed the developments at the Botanical Garden VIDEO

Cholera outbreak kills 21 in Nigeria's Lagos

Baku-hosted High-Level Meeting themed “Pathway to COP29: Sustainable and Resilient Future” continued in Zangilan

ANAMA employee killed during demining operation in Jabrayil

® “Baku Summer-2024” tournament hosted with Kapital Bank’s support

Milli Majlis forms commission to appeal to President of Azerbaijan regarding scheduling of snap parliamentary elections

Baku Initiative Group holds international conference on colonialism in New York VIDEO

Azerbaijani oil price down in global markets

Strategic Studies and State Defense Management Academic Course’s graduation ceremony held

Oil prices rise in global markets

Release of the Press Service of the President

Former U.K. Prime Minister Boris Johnson to publish new memoir unleashed: ‘Stand by for My Thoughts’

France denies departure to several individuals of Baku Initiative Group, preventing them from participating in event at United Nations

Discussions held on cooperation in implementing Azerbaijan's initiatives in addressing climate change

Second day of High-Level Meeting themed “Pathway to COP29: Sustainable and Resilient Future concludes

European Commission – Directorate General for Energy proposes to hold joint events during COP29

Two more Azerbaijani Greco-Roman wrestlers claim medals in BRICS Sports Games 2024

Azerbaijani weightlifter shines in European championships

Azerbaijani powerlifter crowned seven-time European champion

From Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg

Romanian president withdraws candidacy for NATO chief in support of Dutch Premier Mark Rutte’s bid

Azerbaijan joins 3rd edition of SAI20 Summit

Azerbaijan, Serbia discuss strategic partnership

Azerbaijan, Italy explore prospects for military and technical cooperation

Defense Ministry: Tactical-special exercise with radiological, chemical and biological defense units held VIDEO

India may lose 4,300 millionaires this year: Henley’s

Baku hosts opening ceremony of Non-Aligned Movement Organization’s Climate Action Forum

EU agrees new sanctions on Russia, targeting LNG for the first time

Azerbaijani rhythmic gymnasts bring home 13 medals from Italian Parma

Baku-hosted High-Level Meeting features panel session on “The special case of Food and Agriculture Sector” VIDEO

bp pioneers use of drones in its operations in Caspian Sea

105-year-old walks at graduation to receive master's degree from Stanford

Two Azerbaijani Para powerlifters ready for action in World Cup 2024

Azerbaijani Greco-Roman wrestlers claim three medals in BRICS Sports Games 2024

Fourteen Azerbaijani chess players aim for 'medal rush' in FIDE World Cup 2024

‘Azerbaijan’s successful chairmanship of Non-Aligned Movement inspired us to be host of COP29’ VIDEO

Most wanted terrorist among 5 PKK members eliminated in Türkiye

A massive black hole may be 'waking up' in a nearby galaxy

BHOS students become winners of US State Department’s program

Azerbaijani Para swimmer to compete in Paris-2024

Mukhtar Babayev: We should enhance ambition with clear plans to build a climate resilient world

On World Refugee Day, ICESCO calls for greater solidarity and humanitarian efforts to preserve refugees’ dignity

Baku-hosted High-Level Meeting features panel session on “The role of Science, Technology and Innovation” VIDEO

COP29 President-Designate: Parallels between COVID-19 and our collective fight against climate change are significant

Wildfires rage across Northern California

Nigar Arpadarai: The key priority at COP29 is to attract investment in addressing challenges of climate change

Oil prices end mixed in global markets

Baku Initiative Group to organize conference on fight against colonialism at UN headquarters

Azerbaijani oil price rises in global markets

Hosts Germany defeat Hungary to qualify for EURO 2024 Round of 16

Scotland held to 1-1 draw with Switzerland in EURO 2024

Malaysian news portal publishes article headlined "Azerbaijan and COP29"

Turkish defense firm Havelsan expands global reach with advanced defense, civil solutions

European Union issues joint press release on 5th EU-Azerbaijan Security Dialogue

Albania draw 2 - 2 with Croatia with late equalizer

Azerbaijani, Pakistani FMs talk over phone

Foreign Ministry: Instead of provocations and ideas full of political manipulation against Azerbaijan, Armenia must contribute to peace process

Baku-hosted High-Level Meeting features discussions on balancing, mitigation, adaptation and resilience

Japanese firm develops material for batteries with 100-times higher energy density

Azerbaijani junior weightlifter becomes European champion

High-Level Meeting themed “Pathway to COP29: Sustainable and Resilient Future” continued with panel sessions

Opening ceremony of the 29th High-Level Meeting themed “Pathway to COP29: Sustainable and Resilient Future” held in Baku VIDEO

UN Under-Secretary-General: Our humanity is at the brink of a disaster because of inaction and climate

Hikmet Hajıyev: Azerbaijan is among the countries most severely affected by global landmine problem

Assistant to the President: France's policy of militarization will serve to embolden revanchist forces within Armenia VIDEO

Hikmet Hajıyev: France's policy in the South Caucasus does not contribute in any way to advancing the peace agenda

Azerbaijani President: COP29 to be held in Baku will see the talks on agreeing upon a new collective quantified goal on climate finance post-2025

President: Azerbaijan spares no effort to ensure positive outcomes for the sake of our planet’s future

President Ilham Aliyev: Nizami Ganjavi International Center swiftly gained immense relevance and confidence in a short span of time

President: Addressing challenges faced by the Small Island Developing States will be among priority issues on our COP29 Presidency agenda

To the participants of the 29th High-Level Meeting themed “Pathway to COP29: Sustainable and Resilient Future” organized by the Nizami Ganjavi International Center

Türkiye beat Georgia 3-1 in EURO 2024 Group F opener