Mitrofanov’s Residence – one of most decorated architectures of Baku Oil Boom era famous for its mascarons and grotesques

Baku, April 15, AZERTAC

Azerbaijan's capital city, Baku, which hosts hundreds of beautiful mansions built during the Oil Boom period (1885-1915), is also home to one the most decorated architectures of the same era - Mitrofanov’s Residence.

The Residence is the best example of the Baku Oil Boom Era architecture where the influence of French neo-renaissance movement is recognizable and all Greek order styles has been generously applied.

The architect of the Residence, built in an eclectic style, was I. V. Edel, who was employed by Dmitry D. Mitrofanov, a rich oil baron.

The construction of the building took place between 1898 and 1902.

During the construction of the building Mascarons were also widely utilized for the purpose of decoration. The most decorated is the central entry to the residence.

One of the most distinct characteristics of this building is the lavish limestone sculpture of the façade.

The façade of the Mitrofanov Residence is covered with carvings of human faces, lions, bears, bare-breasted women with wings, sturgeon, flora and fauna, and his monogram "M", whereas in Islam, human images are not even supposed to be drawn.

Mitrofanov's building seems to have more elaborate stone carvings than any other residence in the city.

In 1919, during the short-lived Azerbaijan Democratic Republic, which was founded as the first secular democratic state in the Muslim East on 28 May, 1918, the French Embassy was located in this building.

During the Soviet period, the building was divided into apartments.

Wide range of mascarons, used during the construction of the building, are antique Gods, Greek mythological Satyrs, Greenman, lion head figures and grotesques, designed by Iohann Edel in Neo-renaissance style.

If you want to enjoy the rich architectural and historical heritage of the city, you can also explore some other mystifying, enigmatic mascarons on the buildings of the Baku City Executive Power, built in the baroque style as a monumental landmark to accommodate elective body of city governance then known as Baku Duma, now Baku City Executive Authority, the Opera and Ballet Theatre, designed by Nikolai Bayev in Neo-renaissance style and others.



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