CULTURE


National Reserve İlisu - mysterious nature with rich fauna and flora

Baku, March 30, AZERTAC

National reserve llisu was established in 9200 hectare area in order to preserve and restore fauna and flora natural complex being in danger of extermination and to put a limit to the flood and erosion sources. The reserve is situated in Gakh district at a height of 700- 2100 m above sea-level.

There are more than 300 species of plants with vein-tube system. 90 of them belong to tree like shrubs. 93% of area is covered by broad-leaved forests. Depending on the height forests form semi-zones such as sub-alpine forests-meadow, upper mountain-forest, middle mountain-forest and low mountain-forest. The most spread trees are east beech, Caucasus horn beam, candy tuft, east oak trees. Besides, a great number of trees and shrubs have been largely spread in the area. For instance: birch-trees, walnut-trees, chestnut-trees, plane-trees, linded trees, ash-trees, bird-pear, cornel, wild cherry, cherry plum, dog rose, blackberry, etc. About 50 kinds of rare endemic plants of medical importance are also included in the flora of the reserve.

Fauna of the reserve is very rich. Different kinds of animals such as deer, roe, chamois, mountain buffalo, bear, wolf, fox, boar, squirrel, hedgehog, hare, gray squirrel, etc. live here. Rivers are rich in salmon. It is possible to find 90 kinds of birds here. Among them there are birds such as black hawk, kite, owl, golden eagle, black griffon, falcon, hoopoe. Caucasus tortoise and snakes, golden eagle, falcon and Caucasus tetra are already in the lists of the “Red Book”.

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