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Peru’s mysterious Machu Picchu – most significant tangible legacy of Inca civilization

Baku, April 25, AZERTAC

Located about 80 km northwest of Peru, in the Cordillera de Vilcabamba of the Andes Mountains, Machu Picchu stands 2,430 m above sea-level, in the middle of a tropical mountain forest, in an extraordinarily beautiful setting.

The natural setting, on the eastern slopes of the Andes, encompasses the upper Amazon basin with its rich diversity of flora and fauna.

Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu is among the greatest artistic, architectural and land use achievements anywhere and the most significant tangible legacy of the Inca civilization.

The approximately 200 structures making up this outstanding religious, ceremonial, astronomical and agricultural centre are set on a steep ridge, crisscrossed by stone terraces. Following a rigorous plan, the city is divided into a lower and upper part, separating the farming from residential areas, with a large square between the two.

To this day, many of Machu Picchu’s mysteries remain unresolved, including the exact role it may have played in the Incas’ sophisticated understanding of astronomy and domestication of wild plant species.

Inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983, Machu Picchu site is certainly one of the most famous and iconic travel destinations on the planet.

 

 

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