Baku, August 5, AZERTAC
Professor of international law, representative of the International Eurasia Press Fund at the UN Geneva office, previous member of the Sub-Commission of Human rights Osman El Hajjé wrote an article analyzing the latest military provocation by Armenia in the Tovuz direction on the border with Azerbaijan. As EDNews.net reports, the author tried to explain what happened from a legal point of view, calling on the international community and the UN Security Council to put pressure on Armenia, which illegally occupied Nagorno-Karabakh and 7 adjacent regions of Azerbaijan.
The article reads: “The last military event happened on 12 July at the border of Azerbaijan with Armenia have caused many deaths and injuries between servicemen, civil persons and great destruction of buildings and homes.
This event must call the attention of International Community and United Nations Security Council about the destiny of amount one million Azerbaijanis expelled from their homes in Armenia, as well as from their homes in the occupied by Armenia Azerbaijani territories, including Nagorno-Karabakh and surrounded regions. Those people became refugees and IDPs as a result of an ethnic-cleansing policy, conducted by the Armenian government in Armenia itself and in the occupied regions, since 1989.
These committed actions are unacceptable in the time of the prevailing of law and must be condemned because they oppress innocent persons, break the United Nations Charter, especially the Preamble and articles 2 and 3 of this instrument, the principles of Humanitarian law, International Public Law, Refugee convention of 1951 and the commitment to comply with the principles of Human Rights. The whole of these international instruments recommend resolving problems between States by peaceful means, negotiation, conciliation, arbitration and the Good office of the Secretary General of United Nations or by the intermediary of neutral states and by request of the international Court of Justice.
I must say that it is not the first time such actions of Armenia are perpetrated against servicemen, civil men, property and territory of Azerbaijan. They have had the same attitude in the last century. Armenia, a neighbor to Azerbaijan, has unfortunately preferred to be enemy instead to entertain good relations and to promote common and benefit development for their people with Azerbaijani people in a peace climate and in the interest of the both peoples.
Armenia has preferred to push Azerbaijanis out of their land homes and to occupy a large territory of Azerbaijan with their soldiers without any respect for international law and the principles of good neighboring performance.
Up to that situation, International community has called to take part and to convince Armenia to prefer the peace and respect international law and humanitarian law and re-establish a normal situation for civil refugees and displaced which lasts from 1989, after a military conflict between the both countries.
OSCE Minsk Group, headed by a co-chairmanship consisting of France, Russia and the United States, including Belarus, Germany, Italy, Portugal, the Netherlands, Sweden, Finland, Turkey as well as Armenia and Azerbaijan, have held many meetings to convince Armenia to resolve the refugee problems by humanitarian solution and to retire their soldiers from Azerbaijani lands but it also remained without any result.
During the bilateral meetings of the presidents of Azerbaijan and Armenia, the Azerbaijani President proposed to the Armenian President to agree on a humanitarian solution for refugees and displaced persons, but this also remained without any concrete results.
Also, United Nations Security Council adopted in 1993 four resolutions (1) to prevent violence and to boost and improve the peace between the both states. These resolutions target to fill the gap between the both states by resolving the problem of refugees and displaced persons and return Armenian soldiers from Azerbaijani territories to respect integrity and sovereignty of the two states. But until now and after 30 years Armenian government still refuses to put in force any of these above mentioned Security Council Resolutions and to conform its attitude with international law, humanitarian law and principles of good neighboring attitudes.
Like that, Armenia discredits the authority of the United Nations Security Council and the United Nations system, that is not acceptable and also must be condemned.
It is the time for the international community and the United Nations Security Council to press Armenia to act with respect to International Law and Humanitarian Law.”
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