Shabran ruins

Baku, March 12, AZERTAC

Near the village of Shahnazarli to this day you can see the ruins of the ancient city. As a result of archaeological excavations conducted in 1979-1989 on both banks of the Shabran River, scientists discovered the ruins of the city of the same name, whose territory was 450 square kilometers.

It was a city based on the Great Silk Road in the 6th century. In the 7th century the city was captured by the Arabs, and in the 9th-10th centuries turned into one of the largest administrative, commercial and cultural centers of the region. In the 10th-12th centuries Shabran was one of the political centers of the Shirvanshah state. Dungeons and family tombs of Shirvanshah rulers were located here. According to written sources, the Shirvanshah Ibrahim arranged a large feast in Shabran in honor of Tamerlane, who defeated the Golden Horde Khan Tokhtamysh.

Shabran was a multi-ethnic city. In addition to the main inhabitants - Muslims, there were also Christians and Jews. The local population was engaged in ceramic craft. Under the ruins of the ancient city, archaeologists have discovered elements of the sewer system. Belonging to the 9th century a covered sewer system made of stone and brick made it possible to discharge waste water directly into the river. The first street in Azerbaijan was discovered on the territory of Shabran. And clay earthen furnaces of the baker’s quarter have survived to this day. Coins found during excavations show that back in the Middle Ages, copper and jewelry, weapons manufacturing was developed in this city.

Several versions are associated with the etymology of the toponym "Shabran". According to one of them, the name of the city consists of two parts: "Shab" - night and "wounds" - place, space. Today in its place is a museum-reserve.


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