Baku, September 15, AZERTAC
The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) is an intergovernmental organization founded in Shanghai on 15 June 2001.
Since its inception in 2001, the SCO has mainly focused on regional security issues, its fight against regional terrorism, ethnic separatism and religious extremism. To date, the SCO’s priorities also include regional development.
After 21 years, the organization has become not only a strong pillar of global peace and development but also a major force for international equity and justice.
The SCO has been an observer in the UN General Assembly since 2005. In April 2010, the UN and SCO Secretariats signed a Joint Declaration on Cooperation.
Over the years, the SCO has established strong partnerships with the host of influential organizations, including UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), the International Organization for Migration (IOM), as well as the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) and the UN Office on Counter-Terrorism (UNOCT).
The SCO currently comprises eight Member States (China, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Pakistan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan), four Observer States interested in acceding to full membership (Afghanistan, Belarus, Iran, and Mongolia) and six “Dialogue Partners” (Azerbaijan, Armenia, Cambodia, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Turkiye).
The SCO Secretariat, based in Beijing, is the main permanent executive body of the SCO. The Secretariat is headed by the Secretary-General.
The SCO Secretariat coordinates the activity of the SCO and provides informational, analytical, legal, organizational and technical support.
The SCO calls for observing the purposes and principles of the United Nations Charter and the principles of extensive consultation, joint contribution and shared benefits, providing a new platform and model for multilateral cooperation to improve global governance.
As this year marks the 20th anniversary of the signing of the SCO Charter and the 15th anniversary of the signing of the Treaty on Long-Term Good-Neighborliness, Friendship and Cooperation of the SCO Member States, global attention has been placed on the upcoming Samarkand Summit of the SCO, where President of the People's Republic of China Xi Jinping and other leaders, including Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev will discuss how to jointly address global challenges, promoting security and development.
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