The Azerbaijan State News Agency


Pakistani Observer publishes article about Republic Day of Azerbaijan

Baku, May 29, AZERTAC 

Pakistani Observer has published an article by Azerbaijani Ambassador to Pakistan Dashgin Shikarov about the Republic Day of the country.

The article says: “Day of 28 May, 1918 is marked as a day of establishment of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic. The beginning of 20th century witnessed the collapse of the Russian Empire. Russian Revolution of1917 led to chaos and unrest in all parts of the state including Azerbaijan. Hence under the slogan of ‘struggle against the counter-revolutionaries’ in March 1918, the Baku Commune of Armenians and Bolsheviks decided to completely eliminate the ethnical Azerbaijanis. That throbbing history has left indelible marks on the history pages to give Azerbaijan a real boost to rise against all the odds and prove its substance, subsequently, it is beaming today with multidimensional colours of success and glory amongst the community of nations. It was an opportunity availed in time and today that all Azerbaijanis hold the flag of grace for the generations to come and follow the footprints of this venerable legacy.”

“So, the Muslim National Council held its opening sitting in Tiflis (presently Tbilisi, Georgia) on May 28, 1918, and adopted the Declaration on Independence. The 1918 declaration became the first Constitutional Act in the history of Azerbaijan and affirmed Azerbaijani statehood in the form a Democratic Republic. On June 16, the National Council and the cabinet of the ADR got relocated to Ganja – the second biggest city of Azerbaijan. The primary goal of the government was to liberate Baku and the other cities of Azerbaijan, which were under occupation of Armenians and Bolsheviks after the March 1918 genocide. The mission was carried out by the newly established Caucasus Army of Islam - united Azerbaijani and Turkish forces. Twenty thousand Baku Soviet troops launched an all-out attack on Ganja. The Islamic Army entered a fierce battle with them. The Soviets were defeated and the Islamic Army advanced toward Baku getting it liberated on September 15, 1918. Over a thousand of Muslim officers and soldiers laid down their lives in the Baku battle. The losses of the enemy were huge.

On November 16, 1918 the capital of ADR shifted from Ganja to Baku and, on December 7, 1918, the first session of Azerbaijani parliament took place. That was the first parliament formed on the utmost democratic principles of that time in the entire Muslim East. Not only a true form of multi-party republican government was created, but also extended the suffrage to all persons, irrespective of ethnicity, religion or gender. ADR was the first country in the entire Muslim world to give voting rights to women, even ahead of such advanced western democracies like the United States and the United Kingdom. It also guaranteed freedom of expression, assembly and religion, among many other liberties to the citizens of Azerbaijan.

The Supreme Council of the Paris Peace Conference on January 11, 1920 unanimously resolved to recognize de facto independence of Azerbaijan. Despite the lack of any previous experience in statecraft, the leadership of the ADR managed to form a well-operated state machine, establishing relations with more than twenty countries of the world, including Turkey, UK, USA, Italy, France, etc. The Government adopted a national flag with white crescent and eight-pointed star with a three-stripe background. On June 26, the Government enacted the establishment of Azerbaijan Armed Forces.

The reforms in almost all walks of life were launched. Functioning economy and independent financial system started to evolve, the Baku-Batum oil pipeline was restored in 1919,the Caspian fleet of Azerbaijan was established in summer of 1919, the Baku State University was founded, roughly half of the schools switched to use Azerbaijani language. Preparations for constitution, development of comprehensive doctrine of national state building, and the criminal code with guarantees of universal rights and freedoms were under way.

The present day Azerbaijan is witnessing a rapid and dynamic development that is comparable with developed countries of the world. Rich of hydrocarbon reserves, the country exports them to Europe consequently taking part in ensuring of its energy security. Having taken advantage of its geographical location, Azerbaijan became not only a main point for transportation of crude and gas to Turkey and Europe via diverse pipe-line net, but a transport corridor linking East with West as well. A country with nine and a half million population has become a leading power in Transcaucasia and a main regional investor, financing multi-billion projects in different countries of the world. The economic growth of Azerbaijan goes accompanied by enormous construction boom, development of the industry, infrastructure, agriculture, sports, and tourism.

As a result of growing political prestige of the country number of international mega events were held in Azerbaijan. From 12 June to 28 June 2015 the capital city Baku will host the First European Olympics. Some 6,000 athletes from 49 European countries and 1,000 officials are expected to take part in the Games, with around 2,000 journalists covering the event.

Azerbaijan carries on a balanced foreign policy, based on the interests of the country. Situated on the geographical border of Europe and Asia, Azerbaijan is integrated in the political structures of both continents. Being a member of the Council of Europe and the OSCE, Azerbaijan plays an active role in the OIC, ECO. It is also a member of Non-Aligned Movement, and recently completed its tenure as a non-permanent member of UN Security Council.

We are proud to say that Pakistan and Azerbaijan enjoy close and cordial relations characterized by shared perception on major global and regional issues. The two countries signed number of agreements to provide a framework for bilateral cooperation in all spheres including economy, trade, finance, information, culture and military fields. Both countries closely cooperate in international forum and support each other on their core issues.

The visit of President of Pakistan Mr. Mamnoon Hussain to Azerbaijan was another important milestone our bilateral relations. The meeting of Pakistani President with the President of Azerbaijan Mr. Ilham Aliyev, agreements signed during the visit will obviously serve to further strengthen and deepen of bilateral ties. The conferment of First Lady of Azerbaijan Mrs. Mehriban Aliyeva with Hilal-e-Pakistan order recognition of her services to Pakistan by President Mamnoon Hussain was highly appreciated by People and Government of Azerbaijan.

Share news on social media

Follow us on social network

President Ilham Aliyev laid foundation stone for Khojaly Genocide Memorial and met with representatives of general public VIDEO

Hungarian National Assembly objects resolution adopted by PACE regarding Azerbaijani delegation

Khojaly genocide victims commemorated in France

Release of the Press Service of the President

Bayraktar TB2: Türkiye's flag bearer combat drone

President of Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus commemorates victims of Khojaly genocide

Khojaly genocide victims commemorated in Berlin

President of Turkic Culture and Heritage Foundation meets with Kazakh Minister of Culture and Information

Azerbaijani shooters succeed in international tournaments

SpaceX launches 24 Starlink satellites from Florida

ANAMA: 112 unexploded ordnances neutralized over past week

Bulgaria: EU-backed project to assess impact of digital transformation and green transition

President: Our presence in Khojaly means a complete restoration of historical justice

Elchin Amirbayov: We are proud of our religious diversity, which does not depend on any political conjuncture

President Ilham Aliyev: We are representatives of great nation

President: Armenia should understand that the only way is to accept all of Azerbaijan’s conditions

President Ilham Aliyev: We could not be at peace with ourselves until Khojaly was liberated

Azerbaijani President: We avenged innocent victims of Khojaly on battlefield

President Ilham Aliyev: First relocation to Aghdam will begin next year VIDEO

Khojaly genocide victims commemorated in Türkiye’s Denizli city

President: Denying the Khojaly genocide is unfair and dishonest VIDEO

Zuckerberg to discuss developing mixed reality headset with LG chief

President of Azerbaijan: Unfortunately, our call for “Justice for Khojaly!” has fallen on deaf ears

Two Azerbaijani athletes to compete in 8th Fazza Para Archery World Ranking Dubai

President Ilham Aliyev: I believed that we would return to Khojaly and a memorial complex would be created here to perpetuate memory of victims

President Ilham Aliyev observed a minute of silence to honor the memory of the victims of the Khojaly genocide VIDEO

Azerbaijan observes moment of silence for Khojaly victims VIDEO

Magnitude 3.3 quake strikes Caspian Sea

ICYF-ERC and Indonesian youth make statement on Khojaly tragedy

Azerbaijani table tennis player grabs bronze at 2024 Europe Youth Series

Azerbaijani karate fighters claim 3 medals in Karate 1 Youth League

Multinational military drill begins in northerwest Pakistan

Vladimir Putin congratulates Recep Tayyip Erdogan on 70th birthday

Longstanding lack of accountability of perpetrators created environment of impunity in Armenia, says Azerbaijani FM VIDEO

Rally commemorating 32nd anniversary of Khojaly genocide held in front of Cologne Cathedral

Supporters of Brazil's Bolsonaro stage huge demonstration to defend him amid investigations

Archaeological Park to be established in Khojaly

Polish farmers block major highway in protest against EU regulations

Lautaro Martinez on Serie A record and Inter ‘raising the bar’

Jeyhun Bayramov: Despite pause in peace talks, work on text continues

AZERTAC staff commemorates victims of Khojaly tragedy VIDEO

Why Finland?

A watch that melted during the atomic blast over Hiroshima, Japan, sells for more than $31,000

Turkish Foreign Ministry: Khojaly massacre left a dark stain on the history of humanity

Global oil prices drop

Krakow Azerbaijani House commemorates victims of Khojaly genocide

15 killed in attack on Burkina Faso church

Defense Ministry: Training session with reservists ends

Liverpool beat Chelsea in extra time to win English League Cup for 10th time

State and government officials visit Khojaly genocide memorial

Hungary set to ratify Sweden's NATO accession, clearing last hurdle

First Vice-President Mehriban Aliyeva made post on Khojaly genocide

Azerbaijan's Foreign Ministry issues statement on 32nd anniversary of Khojaly genocide

President Ilham Aliyev made post on anniversary of Khojaly genocide

8 die after bus overturns in South Africa

FC Qarabag advances in UEFA ranking

Khojaly genocide victims commemorated in Mexico

Scottish University of Aberdeen commemorates 32nd anniversary of Khojaly Genocide

Azerbaijani Defense Ministry presents weekly summary of events

Japanese gov't to spend additional 665 mln USD for rebuilding Noto region

ECOWAS lifts sanctions on Niger, Burkina Faso, Mali

Another Azerbaijan House opens in Poland

Azerbaijani gymnast claims bronze at 23rd Irina Deleanu Cup in Romania

Azerbaijani gymnast Nikita Simonov wins rings gold at World Cup

Azerbaijan Army positions in Nakhchivan direction subjected to fire

Azerbaijan's Defense Ministry: Armenia attempts to hide its armed provocations by spreading disinformation

President Ilham Aliyev congratulates Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan on his 70th anniversary

Awareness-raising campaign highlighting Khojaly genocide organized in London and Edinburgh

To His Excellency Mr. Recep Tayyip Erdogan, President of the Republic of Türkiye

Participants of Istanbul conference on “Decolonization: Awakening of the Renaissance” address letter to President of France

Georgian PM, Turkish Ambassador discuss strategic partnership

Türkiye to send new communications satellite into space within months

Dengue fever cases hit 1,075 in Laos since January

'99% chance' Mbappé joins Real Madrid - LaLiga chief Tebas

1st US spacecraft to make moon landing in half century runs into snag

Azerbaijan attends OIC ministerial conference in Istanbul

Azerbaijani gymnasts claim silver in 23rd Irina Deleanu Cup in Romania

“Decolonization: Awakening of the Renaissance” international conference wraps up in Istanbul

Doha hosts gala-concert marking Days of Azerbaijani Culture

New website highlighting Khojaly genocide launched

London hosts event on preparatory process for COP29

Baroness Emma Nicholson: I believe that Azerbaijan will perfectly conduct COP29

Azerbaijan Army positions in Kalbajar direction once again subjected to fire

To His Highness Sheikh Meshal Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, Emir of the State of Kuwait

22 killed, 10 injured as tractor trolley overturns in India

Baku Initiative Group-organized Istanbul conference focuses on French colonial policy

Stunning 240 million-year-old 'Chinese dragon' fossil unveiled by scientists

Croatian Ivankovic appointed head coach of China men's football team

Hungary buys new Swedish fighter jets before NATO accession vote

Türkiye rapidly increasing its military deterrence capabilities, says communications director

Azerbaijani reservists fulfill fire tasks

Cuban Prensa Latina News Agency highlights Khojaly genocide

Eight people are killed in horror crash on California highway after van collides with pick-up truck

3 tiny new moons found around Uranus and Neptune — and one is exceptionally tiny

Azerbaijan’s anti-doping officials to join WADA`s 2024 Global Education Conference in Cannes

‘The Boys’ season 4 premiere date set at prime video

Turkmenistan hosts event on Azerbaijani cuisine and culture

Colonel-General Zakir Hasanov: “Pay special attention to further improving units’ combat training and military personnel’s individual professionalism"

Two Mississippi National Guardsmen dead in military helicopter crash

Intel will make chips for Microsoft