The Azerbaijan State News Agency


Unusual dried fruits that you will meet in Azerbaijan

Baku, March 14, AZERTAC

Much has been written about the benefits of dried fruit. Often this product is a convenient alternative to fresh fruit, especially for travelers who want to try a particular fruit outside the season of its ripening or bring the fruit they like upon returning from a trip.

In Azerbaijan, you will find a large assortment of dried fruits, both widespread throughout the world and quite exotic for other countries, but completely normal for our latitudes. We want to tell you about them.


Jujube, unabi, Chinese date - this fruit has many names. However, in Azerbaijan you will not find understanding if you use the above names. However, ask anyone about the innab, and they will point you to the dried fruit stalls where this fruit is available all year round.

About 400 varieties of this plant are known in the world. Accordingly, its fruits may differ in size and shape. In Azerbaijan, large, elongated fruits with grape size are most appreciated. Peel they have a glossy, dark-red color. The fresh fruit of innab is springy, with crispy flesh. However, only dried fruit can be found on the market. At the same time, they are fleshy, with soft spongy sweet pulp. The peel of the fruit exudes a delicate pleasant smell. Inside the fruit is medium in size hard bone.

In Azerbaijan, innab is used simply as a treat, with tea, mixed with nuts, wild persimmon and other dried fruits. Along with nutritional properties, innab fruits are beneficial for health due to the content of vitamin C (20 times more than in lemon), vitamin P, minerals and trace elements (calcium, potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron), as well as pectin, capable of remove toxins from the body. It is believed that the use of innab contributes to the normalization of blood pressure, lower cholesterol levels, treatment of respiratory diseases, etc.

The cost of dried innab in Azerbaijan varies, depending on the size of the fruit, in the range of about 2.5–8 manat per kilogram (1.5–4.5 dollars).


Another unusual from the point of view of foreigners dried fruit is iyda, familiar to every Azerbaijani from childhood. If few of the inhabitants imagine how the plant and the fresh fruits of an innab look like, then most of the Baku citizens are familiar with the iyda tree: it grows in courtyards, squares and along roadsides throughout the city.

The botanical name of iyda is Elaeagnus angustifolia. In various countries, it is also called djida, wild olive, date, silver berry, etc.

The iyda tree has narrow, whitish-silvery leaves and small yellow fragrant flowers. The fruits of iyda outwardly similar to the fruits of Innab, so many even confuse them. The color of the fruit is also reddish; however, it is not as saturated and uniform as the Innab. The rind of the fruit is easily separated from the mealy sweet pulp covering the elongated hard bone. Unripe fruits can have a slightly astringent taste due to the presence of tannins, and ripe fruits contain over 40 percent of sugars. Rich in proteins, salts of potassium and phosphorus, organic acids, iyda fruits are useful in the treatment of diseases of the digestive tract.

The cost of iyda fruits in Azerbaijan is approximately 3-4 manat per kilogram (1.5-2.5 dollars).

Caucasian Persimmon

The dried fruits of ordinary or Caucasian persimmon are a constant companion of the innab and iyda on the tables of Azerbaijanis. True, Caucasian persimmon is not at all like the usual orange persimmon. Its fruits are small, the size of a grape. In overripe and dried form, they are blue-black in color, with a bluish-gray tint, like those of a plum. This fruit has a fleshy honey-sweet flesh that tastes like a cross between dates and raisins.

Caucasian persimmon - a real delicacy, which is used independently or as sweetness to tea. Its fruits have a high calorie content, saturated with sugars, vitamins A (carotene) and C, proteins, microelements (sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, iodine, iron). Their use contributes to the rapid restoration of strength, strengthens the immune system, helps to resist viral and inflammatory processes in the body. Pectins and tannins contained in the fruit help regulate the activity of the gastrointestinal tract. Due to the presence of iron, Caucasian persimmon successfully used for anemia. Persimmon fruits also have a beneficial effect on the condition of the liver and biliary tract.

In a word, you should definitely try this tasty and healthy fruit. The cost of a kilogram of dried Caucasian persimmon varies approximately in the range of 5-10 manats (3-6 dollars).

The only inconvenience when eating Caucasian persimmon is the presence of a large number of seeds: one small fruit can contain about 5-6 seeds. If you like the taste of dried persimmon, but are bothered by the “bonyness” of small fruits, then pay attention to its other type — the eastern persimmon.

Eastern Persimmon

Well-known to many, orange-colored large-fruited persimmon grows in Azerbaijan in abundance. Even in Baku, you can see its trees, in the season hung with bright fruits. Of course, with such abundance you need to do something, and besides the fact that the fruits are realized fresh, they are dried.

Everywhere in the markets and supermarkets you can see bunches of dried persimmon wrapped in flour. Its fruit is larger than that of most other dried fruits, and seedless varieties are mainly used for drying, so it is pleasant to eat it. At the same time, it is inexpensive: 3-4 manat per kilogram (1.5-2.5 dollars).

The fleshy pulp of dried persimmon tastes sweet as honey, very tasty and nutritious. The color of the fruit and pulp is brown with an amber tint. Azeris eat dried persimmon as an independent dessert, often during tea drinking.

The beneficial properties of fresh persimmon are fully preserved in dried fruits. This product is rich in potassium, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron, vitamins A, C and P. It contains a lot of proteins, carbohydrates, organic acids, tannins and antioxidants. Despite the high content of sugars, persimmon is a dietary product. Its fruits support the health of the cardiovascular system, while the level of glucose in the blood does not reach a peak. And due to the presence of pectin, persimmon is useful in digestive disorders and gastric diseases.

White mulberry

The mulberry tree is widespread in Azerbaijan, both in the regions and in the capital. In the summer season, black, red and white mulberries are sold in the markets and supermarkets of the country. Black and red are usually consumed fresh. And from the berries of white mulberry tree, bekmez (fruit honey) is often prepared. In addition, white mulberry is consumed in dried form.

Dried white mulberries look almost like fresh, except that it is slightly darker in color. Their taste is sweet and pleasant. Dried mulberry can be used as a standalone product, and added to pastries and desserts.

White mulberry has a rich composition, which includes tannins, essential oils, sugars, flavonoids, amino acids, pectins, zinc, iron, potassium, magnesium, calcium, selenium, vitamins A, PP, C, group B.

The use of white mulberry helps to neutralize the activity of free radicals, boosts immunity, strengthens the walls of blood vessels, myocardial heart muscle, normalizes blood pressure during hypotension, improves digestion, etc.

The cost of dried white mulberries in Azerbaijan starts from about 5 manat per kilogram (from $3).

Emil Eyyubov

Share news on social media

Follow us on social network

Events on enlightenment of servicemen continue in Azerbaijan Army

Global oil prices drop

President Ilham Aliyev received President of National Assembly of Bulgaria

Antalya Diplomacy Forum wraps up

Haiti declares curfew after 4,000 inmates escape jail amid rising violence

Ombudsman: International community should exert significant pressure on Armenian government to provide accurate minefield maps to Azerbaijan

President of Bulgarian National Assembly embarks on official visit to Azerbaijan

Death toll from Russian drone attack on Ukraine’s Odesa rises to 10

Referee Manzano's final whistle denies Real Madrid's winning goal against Valencia

Elchin Amirbayov: Zangezur corridor could serve as an important confidence and peace-building tool between Armenia and Azerbaijan

Shehbaz Sharif elected as Pakistan’s new prime minister for 2nd term

Pascal Alberini: French media ignoring people's voices and spreading misinformation

Third leg of Khankendi-Baku Ultramarathon begins in Ujar, concludes in Hajigabul

Landmine explosion injuries one in Aghdam

Gas Exporting Countries Forum 7th Summit opens in Algiers

Azerbaijani FM meets with Kazakh counterpart in Antalya

FIFA president rules out plan for blue cards

Antalya Diplomacy Forum features “New Dynamics of Cooperation in Eurasia” panel meeting

Azerbaijani NGOs address open letter to heads of German Council on Foreign Relations and Konrad Adenauer Foundation

Turkish-Azerbaijani relations are unparalleled in the world, say Azerbaijani FM

Fraternal Azerbaijan-Türkiye relations paved way for strengthening interparty ties between two countries, says NAP deputy chairman

Azerbaijani FM hails excellent organization of Antalya Diplomacy Forum

Azerbaijan, Moldova explore opportunities for cooperation

Remains of 13 more people found in mass grave discovered in Khojaly

Azerbaijani FM meets with his Slovak counterpart in Antalya

Global Baku Forum to welcome renowned COP experts

Azerbaijan’s energy minister to attend GECF summit in Algeria

Biden Meets Italy's Meloni, Announces Gaza Airdrop

Baku-hosted meetings on Southern Gas Corridor in Italian media spotlight

Azerbaijan, Luxembourg explore relations

Japan's Lower House passes budget bill for fiscal 2024

FM Bayramov fills Archbishop Gallagher in on Azerbaijan-Armenia peace agenda

Khankendi-Baku Ultramarathon second leg winner revealed

Snowfall, freezing weather leave 9 dead, injure 2 in Afghanistan

Jeyhun Bayramov: Azerbaijan regards CICA as unique dialogue platform based on unified principles

® Regional competitions of Robotex Türkiye kick off with support of Azercell!

Azerbaijan Technical University, Turkish Hacettepe University embark on cooperation in lifelong learning

Major growth of clean energy limited the rise in global emissions in 2023

Iris Apfel: US fashion designer dies aged 102

Azerbaijani FM discusses current regional situation with OSCE Secretary General

Azerbaijan, Georgia and Türkiye to discuss completion of Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway project

Azerbaijan, Serbia discuss prospects for cooperation

NASA cancels OSAM-1 satellite servicing technology mission

FM Bayramov: Strengthening relations with OTS member states is a foremost priority of Azerbaijan`s foreign policy

Lazio 0-1 AC Milan: Noah Okafor bags late winner for Rossoneri as hosts see three players receive red cards

Algerian, Venezuelan oil companies agree to boost energy cooperation

Mexican presidential candidate Xóchitl Gálvez makes a blood pact in the middle of the campaign; promises not to eliminate social programs

Heydar Aliyev Center hosts presentation of "Qarabag FC - 30 Seasons Away" documentary film

Representatives of German Bundestag visit Azerbaijan`s Milli Majlis

Bayern and Freiburg share the spoils

Intensive English language course held with TABIB employees ends, Defense Ministry

Elon Musk sues OpenAI, Sam Altman over breaching initial agreement to pursue profits

Oil prices surge in global markets

President Ilham Aliyev`s speech at 10th Southern Gas Corridor Advisory Council Ministerial Meeting captures spotlight in Georgian media coverage

President Ilham Aliyev: Renewable projects agenda of Azerbaijan is very ambitious

Türkiye, Turkmenistan sign MoU for gas transport

Azerbaijani crude oil nears $90 on global markets

President of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev was interviewed by Euronews TV channel VIDEO

Finland's new president takes office

Ambassador: Slovakia is keen to develop cooperation with Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan reports 514 new COVID-19 cases in past month

12 dead in traffic accident in Far North region of Cameroon

Tesla faces 5,977 black workers in factory racism lawsuit

Azerbaijan, Romania mull cooperation agenda

Azerbaijan’s Defense Ministry: Engineering support measures are underway

Coordination Center for Grassroots Action issues communique to support Corsicans

Azerbaijan`s Minister of Energy, European Commissioner for Energy make press statement

Trump leading Biden in 7 swing states: Survey

Nobel Energy to develop solar power plant in Jabrayil

Albanian PM: Azerbaijani gas and Caspian region are crucial to our shared future

Azerbaijan to cooperate with Nobel Energy and Elecnor on solar energy projects

German delegation visits Alat Free Economic Zone

Mystery sea creature discovered in UK waters

Prime Minister of Albania Edi Rama completes working visit to Azerbaijan

Antalya hosts panel meeting on "Peace, development and connectivity in the South Caucasus"

President Ilham Aliyev had expanded meeting with Prime Minister of Albania VIDEO

Baku hosted 10th Southern Gas Corridor Advisory Council Ministerial Meeting and 2nd Green Energy Advisory Council Ministerial Meeting
President Ilham Aliyev attended the event VIDEO

Kadri Simson: We have made clean energy a key part of EU-Azerbaijan bilateral relations

President of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev held one-on-one meeting with Prime Minister of Albania Edi Rama VIDEO

® Another Azercell specialist has become the first in the cybersecurity competition

® Transfer your loans to Kapital Bank and benefit from more advantageous opportunities

Azerbaijani, Uzbek FMs discuss post-conflict situation in region

One in eight people are now living with obesity, study says

FC Qarabag’s Andrey Lunev gets Russian national team call up

Azerbaijani, Russian FMs meet in Antalya

Azerbaijani table tennis players claim two medals at WTT Youth Contender Algiers 2024

Azerbaijan, Pakistan discuss bilateral cooperation

From Kyriakos Mitsotakis, Prime Minister of the Hellenic Republic

Azerbaijan, Burkina Faso hail their interaction within international organizations

Paul Pogba gets 4-year doping ban

Azerbaijan’s GM Mammadyarov advances in FIDE rating

Azerbaijan, EU to accelerate process of granting PMI status to Caspian-EU Green Energy Corridor

Minister: Kuwait ready for mutual cooperation with Azerbaijan as part of COP29

Turkish FM Hakan Fidan awarded the Golden Order of Friend of Azerbaijan

Azerbaijani FM meets with his Panamanian counterpart in Antalya

Foreign Minister: Azerbaijan, Kyrgyzstan explore broad prospects for cooperation in various domains

China to launch 2 crewed missions to space station this year

ANAMA: 1,941 unexploded ordnances neutralized over past month

Azerbaijan’s non-oil exports amounted to $222 million in January 2024

President of Kenya informed about Azerbaijan’s preparation for hosting COP29