CULTURE


The Red Bridge, a monument of medieval architecture

Baku, April 9, AZERTAC

One of the most interesting monuments of medieval architecture is the bridge over the Khram river. It is located along the Gazakh-Tbilisi highway, just on the state border between Azerbaijan and Georgia. The bridge was constructed in the 12th century. The length of the bridge is 175 meters and the width is 4.3 m. The width of its entrance from both sides is 12.4 m. The highest point of the bridge over the water is 26m. It has four spans with different sizes (8.2m, 16.1m, 8m, 26.1m). All construction lined with red baked brick. That is why it is called the "Girmizi korpu" (The Red Bridge).

A multicellular inner space between the spans on both banks of the bridge served as caravansary in the past. The area of the rooms is 168 sq. meters on the left bank and 116 sq. metres on the right bank. The presence of such large caravansaries demonstrates the strategic importance of the Red Bridge on the vital trade routes. The style of the Red Bridge is similar to medieval bridges, located in Khudaferine, Ganja, Maragha and Ardabil.

Among the folk, there is another name in use for this bridge - "Siniq Korpu" (The Broken Bridge). However, historically the ancient Broken Bridge was located 100 meters from the current bridge downstream. The remains of the old bridge still exist along the flow of the river.

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