CULTURE


Ancient cultural monuments of Karabakh

Baku, March 10, AZERTAC

A number of cultural monuments of different kinds were registered in the area of Karabakh, and the majority of them are epigraphic monuments.

A considerable number of building, tombs, and epigraphic monuments were investigated in the areas of Shusha, Aghdam, Barda, Fuzuli, Zangilan, Jabrayil, Lachin, Kalbajar districts.

Sheykh Yaqub’s Tomb (Sepulcher) in Fuzuli (XII century), Qoch Ahmadli Juma Mosque, Haji Alasgar Mosque, Mir Ali tomb ( sepulcher) in Ashaghi Veysalli village ( XIV century) and tombs in Ahmadallar village (XIV century), Sheykh Ibrahim Tomb (XVII century) Ahmad Sultan Tomb, Jalal Tomb (h.c. 1307) Juma Mosque in Horadiz village, Asgaran fortress in the area of Karabakh, Maiden Tower in Jabrayil, a tomb in Shikhlar village of Jabrayil (1308) and other tombs, a 12 cornered tomb near Khachin Darband village in Aghdam, Aghdam Juma Mosque (1870) , a bath building in Abdal – Gulabli village of Aghdam ( beginning of XX century) , Shahbulag Mosque of Aghdam, a 12 arched bridge Tartar River in Barda (XIV century), “Barda” , “Akhsadan baba” tombs (XIV century), a double minaret “Imamzadeh” mosque complex built in Barda by Karbalayi Safkhan Garabaghi (1868), “Bahman Mirze“ tomb, an eight angle tomb in Shusha, Penah khan fortress, Natavan’s house, Mamayi mosque, Mashadi Shukur Mirsiyab oghlu’s mosque caravanserai, Julfalar Mosque, Haji Yusifli Mosque, Saatli Mosque, Yukhari Govharagha Mosque, Ashaghi Govharagha Mosque (XIX century), Khan evi (house),the gymnasium building, Garasaggal tomb in Lachin, Soltan baba tomb, Sheykh Ahmad tomb, Sari Ashig’s tomb (XV century), tombs in Jijimli village, “Ushag galasi” (child fortress) in Gushchu village, “Boyuk bulag” (big spring) monument (XV century), Hamza Sultan palace (1761) are valuable material culture monuments for Azerbaijani history.

Bayat, Shahbulag (Tarnakut), Panahabad (Shusha) fortresses, bazaars, caravanserais, mosques, bath- houses, etc were built in the second half of 18th century in Karabakh. Mansions, tombs belonging to Penah khan and his family were built in Aghdam.

Some fortresses (Bayat, Shahbulag, Panahabad (Shusha) were built, and settlements of a city and village type appeared during the period of Karabakh khanate. Beautiful and typical samples of wall paintings were created in the interiors of public buildings and houses in Shusha, the capital city of Karabakh khanate.

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