Ilanlitapa settlement

Baku, April 1, AZERTAC

Ilanlitapa settlement is located in Garvand village of Aghdam district of Azerbaijan. Examples of farm-culture of Ilanlitapa belong to the period from Eneolith to Iron Age. The archaeological excavation that had taken place in 1967-1968 in Ilanlitapa was covering a 220 square meters area.

During the evacuation the destruction of a dwelling house and farm constructions that built in the settlement has been discovered. The buildings were constructed of flat-rough and ordinary rectangular bricks. The dwelling houses are four-cornered and semicircular. The farm constructions are close to the dwelling houses. During the evacuation archaeologists also found two-round shaped small buildings. The walls and floors of the buildings were faced with clay; tracks of red color have been registered in some places. Some areas in the settlement were polished till shining. Archaeologists considered that round – shaped and right-angled architecture of the buildings found in the Ilanlitapa settlement are characteristic for Azerbaijanis ancient dwelling houses. Round – shaped architecture is characteristic for territories from the middle flows of the Kura River to the Araz River. Right-angled houses found in Ganja-Gazakh, Mil-Karabakh and Nakhchivan relate to the last stage of the Eneolit period. Both types of architecture were found in Ilanlitapa.

Ceramics products that were found in the settlement were prepared of plant mixture with clay; their surface was painted in light yellow and red and then polished. But plates without color and polishing also were often found in the settlement.

In the monuments like Ilalitapa, Kultapa obsidian has widespread. Investigation of labor tools found in this settlement shows that ancient ploughman used Ilanlitapa obsidian deposit. Along the labor tools, archaeologists also found barrows in Ilanlitapa settlements. The majority of these barrows relate to Late Bronze and Early Iron period.

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