The Azerbaijan State News Agency

WORLD

China's commercial 'artificial sun' achieves first discharge

China's commercial 'artificial sun' achieves first discharge

Baku, June 22, AZERTAC

The world's first fully high-temperature superconducting tokamak device, Honghuang 70 (HH70), has recently successfully achieved first plasma, marking a significant leap of China in the development and application of fusion technology for clean energy, the device's developer Shanghai-based fusion energy company Energy Singularity announced on Wednesday, according to Global Times.

The completion and operation of HH70 took the lead in the world in completing the engineering feasibility verification of high-temperature superconducting tokamak, marking that China has gained a first-mover advantage in the key field of high-temperature superconducting magnetic confinement fusion, the company said.

According to Yang Zhao, Energy Singularity's Chief Executive Officer, HH70 has independent intellectual property rights, with a domestication rate of over 96 percent, and all its magnet systems are constructed using high-temperature superconducting materials.

"The design work of the device began in March 2022, and the overall installation was completed by the end of February this year, setting the fastest record for the research and construction of superconducting tokamak devices worldwide," Yang noted.

The successful discharge of HH70 marks Energy Singularity as the world's first and currently the only team to build and operate an all high-temperature superconducting tokamak, as well as the world's first and currently the only commercial company to build and operate an all superconducting tokamak.

Regarding the company's future plans, Yang Zhao said the company plans to complete the next generation high magnetic field high-temperature superconducting tokamak device, HH170, by 2027 with the goal of achieving a deuterium-tritium equivalent energy gain (Q) greater than 10.

For fusion devices, the Q value is a crucial indicator. It directly reflects the energy efficiency of the fusion reactor, that is, the ratio of the energy generated by the device to the energy input required to sustain the fusion reaction. Q>1 represents that the output energy is greater than the energy input required to sustain the reaction. Currently the maximum Q value achieved by humans is 1.53.

Yang stressed that using high-temperature superconducting materials can reduce the volume of a device to about 2 percent of that of traditional low-temperature superconducting devices, and the construction period of the device will be shortened from the original 30 years to 3-4 years if a tokamak device with a Q>10 is to be built.

Amid growing concerns over energy crisis facing the whole world, confinement nuclear fusion is viewed by many experts and industry insiders as one of the most potential options to provide humanity with an almost infinite, clean, and cheap source of energy, and is considered the ultimate energy solution.

ChatGPT creator OpenAI is also reportedly seeking a deal with next-generation energy firm to buy "vast quantities" of nuclear fusion to create superhuman artificial intelligence.

As the only magnetic confinement fusion technology route that has completed scientific feasibility verification, the tokamak device, dubbed artificial sun, has always been the focus of global controlled nuclear fusion research and development.

High-temperature superconducting tokamak combines robust physics with engineering innovation, which is expected to greatly improve the cost-effectiveness of the device and accelerate the commercialization of fusion energy, and has become the direction of fusion energy research and development that attracts the most market-oriented funding worldwide.

In 2018, the US company Commonwealth Fusion Systems (CFS) became the first in the world to propose to build a small high-temperature superconducting tokamak device SPARC with Q≥10. The construction of SPARC kicked off in 2022 with plans to complete it in 2025.

Energy Singularity co-founder and Chief Operating Officer Ye Yuming said the magnetic field strength of HH170 will be 110 percent of SPARC, the diameter will be 90 percent of SPARC, and the volume will be about 70 percent of SPARC, enabling further cost reduction. Once completed, the HH170 device will be the world's smallest and lowest-cost tokamak device capable of achieving a 10-fold energy gain.

To support the research and development of HH170, Energy Point is also developing high-temperature superconducting D-shaped magnets. The goal of these magnets is to achieve a magnetic field strength of 25 Tesla, with manufacturing and testing planned to be completed by the end of this year. The magnetic field strength of the already completed HH70 is 2.5 Tesla.

According to Ye, engineering design of the HH170 device is expected to begin early next year. After 2030, Energy Singularity will also start the construction of HH380, with the goal of building a tokamak device that can be used for a demonstration fusion power plant.

Energy Singularity was established in Shanghai in June 2021, mainly focusing on researching commercially viable high-temperature superconducting tokamak devices and their operational control software systems. The company's shareholders include miHoYo, developer of Chinese-made open-world roleplaying game Genshin Impact, and Chinese electric carmaker NIO.

Share news on social media

Follow us on social network

Turkish, Mongolian archaeologists excavate graves in Shovh Uul Mountain

Scholz to run for another term as German chancellor

Understanding moon: Chinese scientists find 1st trace of lunar water

From museum to mosque: Hagia Sophia Grand Mosque welcomes 25 million visitors in 4 years

1,000 tourists evacuated after fire in southern Italy

Azerbaijan`s Foreign Minister meets with Director-General of Israeli Foreign Ministry

Head of Presidential Administration Samir Nuriyev meets with Executive Secretary of UN Framework Convention on Climate Change

Azerbaijani, Turkish Constitutional Courts discuss prospects for cooperation

Climate activists glue themselves to a taxiway at Cologne-Bonn Airport, flights suspended

Azerbaijan’s Defense Ministry delegation pays tribute to military pilot Rashad Atakishiyev

Vietnamese media outlets highlight VNA agency’s participation in Shusha-hosted second Global Media Forum

Burgas Hosts First-Ever International AI Olympiad August 9 to 15

Kyrgyz delegation visits Azerbaijan’s Electronic Security Center

IOC elects French Alps 2030 as Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games host

Azerbaijan, Colombia discuss implementation of joint projects

Bulgarian Painter Ventzislav Dikov Exhibits Works in Tokyo

President Ilham Aliyev inspected progress of Victory Park construction in Baku VIDEO

California hosts 10th International Conference on Mars

Plane crashes at airport in Nepal’s capital just after takeoff, killing 18 people and injuring pilot

Azerbaijani and Russian foreign ministries hold political consultations

The Green Energy and the Vision of President Ilham Aliyev who awaits to host COP29

® Order ABB debit cards online with SİMA KYC

® Special campaign for individual entrepreneurs seeking micro business loans from Birbank Biznes

BHOS students participate in summer school at China University of Petroleum

Azerbaijan’s Defense Minister meets with military personnel serving in liberated territories

Trash dropped by a North Korean balloon falls on South Korea’s presidential compound

Release of the Press Service of the President

Oil prices rise in global markets

Azerbaijani oil price falls in global markets

UK’s scrapped Rwanda migrant plan a ‘shocking waste’ of $904 million in public funds, minister says

China unveils rules for implementing Law on Guarding State Secrets

Moscow hosts Day of Azerbaijani Culture

18th Baku Summer Energy School, held in two countries, concludes

Mount Etna volcanic eruption closes Catania international airport

Football, rugby matches at Paris Olympics to start Wednesday

® Another update from Birbank Biznes: Order payments now available on the mobile App

To His Excellency Mr. To Lam, President of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam

AMADA implements innovative measures for Paris 2024 Summer Olympic and Paralympic Games

Azerbaijan's Central Election Commission releases “Police Officers’ Handbook” for parliamentary elections

New UNAIDS report shows AIDS pandemic can be ended by 2030, but only if leaders boost resources and protect human rights now

UN Secretary-General: ‘Renew our commitment for a future where every child is safe, free’

Musk says Tesla to use humanoid robots next year

UNESCO report: Women and girls’ access to sport still lagging far behind

Baku hosts meeting between Azerbaijani and Chinese military education experts

Azerbaijani oil price down in global markets

Forests face increasing climate-related stress amid growing demand for their products, FAO report warns

BTA, Kyrgyzstan's Kabar News Agency sign cooperation agreement

Sniper training course held in Azerbaijan Army

Serbian military attaché informed about Azerbaijan’s landmine problem

President Ilham Aliyev: We attach great importance to our traditional ties of friendship and cooperation with Egypt

Harris secures enough delegate endorsements to win Democratic presidential nomination

To His Excellency Mr. Abdel Fattah El-Sisi, President of the Arab Republic of Egypt

Spokesperson for US Department of State: Armenia and Azerbaijan continue to make significant progress toward finalizing a peace agreement

Korean Air commits to up to 50 Boeing widebody airplanes

US' Blinken to head to Asia to show ‘America is all in on the Indo-Pacific’

19 cultural artifacts smuggled abroad returned to Türkiye

AZAL introduces digital ID cards for ticket purchases to Nakhchivan

COP29 CEO: Creation of green corridors is of great importance for Azerbaijan

Second Global Media Forum themed “Unmasking False Narratives: Confronting Disinformation” wraps up in Shusha

Participants of Second Shusha Global Media Forum visit Lachin

Foreign Ministry: EU’s decision to send military aid to Armenia is an erroneous and dangerous step

® Azercell congratulates media workers on National Press and Journalism Day

Second Shusha Global Media Forum features presentation of report highlighting French colonialism

UEFA Champions League 3rd qualifying round draw held

CEC Chairman: 480 local observers registered for parliamentary elections so far

LeBron James named USA men's flagbearer at Paris 2024 Opening Ceremony

Neftchi Baku sign German defender

Delegation from Belarusian State University of Informatics and Radioelectronics visits Baku Higher Oil School

AZERTAC employees visit grave of National Leader Heydar Aliyev in Alley of Honors

ANAMA: 1673.7 hectares of territory cleared of mines and UXOs over past week

Azerbaijani military pilots conduct training flights

Shusha-hosted Global Media Forum features panel session on AI’s impact on reality, media and disinformation

China to allow delayed retirement to combat population woes

Shusha hosts presentation on “Solidarity for the Green World – COP29”

China hosts 8th Ministerial on Climate Action

4.9 magnitude earthquake jolts Georgia

AZERTAC and Vietnam's VNA to renew cooperation agreement VIDEO

AZERTAC signs cooperation agreements with four foreign news agencies at Shusha Global Media Forum VIDEO

Oil prices rise in global markets

Biden says will not seek reelection as US president

West preparing for direct military conflict with Russia — Vucic

Second Shusha Global Media Forum discusses ways of building more resilient societies against disinformation

Global Media Forum participants tour Shusha

President Ilham Aliyev shares post on National Press Day

Executive Committee of the Turkish News Agencies Alliance holds its 1st meeting in Shusha

Second Shusha Global Media Forum discusses mapping the reach of disinformation

Problem of fake news manifests itself in the easiest and fastest forms thanks to technological development

Vugar Aliyev: ATNA should play the role of an institution where news of the Turkic world is collected

Mikhail Gusman: Information warfare is a global phenomenon ındependent of political regimes

Azerbaijan Army positions in Kalbajar direction were subjected to fire

Assistant to the President: Sharing accurate information is crucial for society

Hikmet Hajiyev: We faced a powerful disinformation campaign regarding COP29

Hikmet Hajiyev: Disinformation turned into psychological warfare against the Azerbaijani people VIDEO

Shusha hosted second Global Media Forum
President Ilham Aliyev attended the Forum VIDEO

President: We always feel brotherly support from Pakistani media

President: We could have waited 17 more years if necessary for liberation of our lands

President of Azerbaijan: We are very actively trying to activate our cooperation with members of African Union

President Ilham Aliyev: Our target is to double supply of Azerbaijani gas to Europe

President of Azerbaijan: For the sake of peace and the liberation of our territories, I had to set aside all my feelings and all my emotions

President Ilham Aliyev: I hope that after elections there will be more understanding in Washington and Europe about Azerbaijan